Sculptural Arts Coating's
FAQ's

Frequently Asked Questions

Sculpt or Coat

Artist's Choice

Plastic Varnish

Tough N' White

Sculpt or Coat

1. How does it work over foam?

2. Can you paint it?

3. Can it be thinned?

4. What is the coverage?

5. How dense is it?

6. How long does it take to dry?

7. Can I heat it?

8. Do I need to mix an A&B component (two part system)?

9. Is it flexible?

10. How tough is the surface?

11. Can I sculpt it into shapes like clay?

12. Can children use it?

13. What is it's PH content?

14. Can I use it outdoors?

15. Is it non-yellowing?

16. Is this a thick Elmer's Glue?

17. Is this like Phlexglue?

18. Is this like Flexcoat?

19. Is this like Foamcoat?

20. What color is it?

21. Is this a fire retardant? It says non-flammable.

22. Can I cast a mold with it?

23. Can I dry clean pieces?

24. How do I clean pieces?

25. How do I get a Matte finish?

26. Do I need a prime coat down first?

27. How do I get a smooth finish?

Sculpt or Coat Answers

1. "How does it work over foam?" Sculpt or Coat provides a tough protective coating over foam. It creates a kind of exoskeleton that keeps foams from cracking, drying out and prevents paints from eating them away.

2. "Can you paint it?" YES! Sculpt or Coat accepts all water based colorants such as Artist's Choice Saturated Paints, latex, acrylics, aniline dyes, bronzing powders, dry pigments, etc. To save time, mix colorants into Sculpt or Coat prior to application to base coat and tough coat in one application. Once dry you can again use water base paints, etc. as well as enamels, lacquers and spray paints.

3. "Can it be thinned?" YES. Thin with hot water & mix thoroughly. See directions for details. Granules or lumps present in a thin mixture will dissolve if you let it stand over night or beat it well.

4. "What is the coverage?" It depends on the type of surface and the individual application. A smooth, flat surface with a thin application of Sculpt or Coat would go approximately 350 square feet per gallon. A bumpy, nook and crannies surface or heavily textured surface utilizing Sculpt or Coat as a binder would not go as far.

5. "How dense is it?" Sculpt or Coat is the consistency of a creamy whipped butter. It is thick and will not fall out of an upside down container, making it perfect for overhead use.

6. "How long does it take to dry?" Sculpt or Coat air cures. A thin application will dry in a few minutes. Thick applications 30 minutes or longer. TIP: A box fan blowing over the item speeds up the drying process. Humid conditions will extend drying time.

7. "Can I heat it?" Yes & No. A warm room speeds drying times on large applications such as on a whole set. Direct heat softens instead of dries the surface. If pieces become sticky in high temperatures make sure the last coating (top layer) is either paint or a mixture of paint & Sculpt or Coat, not just Sculpt or Coat, or you may cover the piece with a wax coat. Thurston James used a blow torch on a layer of Sculpt or Coat over foam latex chickens to create a nice blistered, roast chicken effect.

8. "Do I need to mix an A&B component?" No.

9. "Is it Flexible?" Yes. Sculpt or Coat remains flexible once dry. This is a wonderful feature for Puppeteers, mask makers, special effects make-up pieces and animated scenic and museum pieces such as dinosaurs, taxidermists use it extensively for realistic lips, tongues, skins. We recommend that pieces stored in cold areas be brought to room temperature before flexing in order to avoid cracking particularly if the item that was covered is a soft substance like foam rubber or etha-foam, most other substrates will not crack.

10. "How tough is the surface?" Tough! Props and scenery have been hit, dropped, driven into, scraped...and look like new. As a tough coating over foam surfaces you can use spray paints and the foam will not be eaten away. It is suitable for floor and ground row texturing. Holds sand, snow, gravel, etc. in place over an extended run. Once dry the surface may be sanded with a fine grain paper.

11. "Can I sculpt it into shapes like clay?" No. You may make a paper mush with it or plaster mix that can be shaped.

12. "Can children use it?" Yes! Sculpt or Coat is non-toxic and easy for all ages to use. For liability reasons it is recommended that children use it under adult supervision.

13. "What is its' PH content?" Same as topsoil. This is good for permanent enclosed exhibits.

14. "Can I use it outdoors?" Yes. It has been used by Outdoor Dramas and on outdoor displays. However, Sculpt or Coat wasn't specifically designed for outdoor use and pieces may turn white when water sits on them. These pieces will be clear again once dry. To avoid this happening, make sure the top coat is a layer of paint or shellac.

15. "Is it non-yellowing?" Yes.

16. "Is this a thick Elmer's Glue?" No. The same anti-freeze ingredient found in Elmer's Glue is used in Sculpt or Coat and that is the smell that makes people think of Elmer's.

17. "Is this like Phlexglue or Flexbond?" No. Sculpt or Coat is more dense in a cream not liquid form. Sculpt or Coat is frequently used as an adhesive and has better adhesion then either Flexbond or Phlexglue. Sculptural Arts' Plastic Varnish is in a liquid form and may be used more like Flexbond or Phlexglue, however, at a lower price.

18. "Is it like Flexcoat?" No. Many try to imitate all of the attributes that Sculpt or Coat provides, without success. Sculpt or Coat is extremely versatile in many different shop applications, all in one formula. Sculpt or Coat is the only thing like it on the market. Sculpt or Coat can be used straight out of the bucket, no stirring required. Unlike Flexcoat, Sculpt or Coat can be thinned down, without the loss of adhesive capabilities. Sculpt or Coat can also be applied by brush, roller, bare hands, trowels, rags, sponges or even pastry tubes and will cover approximately 350 square feet per gallon.

19. "Is it like Foamcoat?" No. Sculpt or Coat has many more attributes then Foamcoat. Foamcoat is strictly a foam coating that is not as flexible and workable as Sculpt or Coat. With all of it's various uses for all shop applications such as costumes, props, scenery, masks, jewelry, puppets, Sculpt or Coat is in a class all by itself.

20. "What color is it?" White, but dries clear to translucent.

21. "Is this a fire retardant?" It says non-flammable" No! Sculpt or Coat is not advertised or sold as a fire retardant. Sculpt or Coat is non-flammable in it's wet state on its own. Once used over some foams or mixed with certain textures, Sculpt or Coat may be able to sustain a flame. Purchasers should follow federal, state and local fire retardant guidelines as needed.

22. "Can I cast a Mold with it?" Yes & No. You can not just fill a mold with Sculpt or Coat because it air cures. A skin will form over the top leaving the middle a wet glob. If you are working with a thin mask, you can use a release agent such as dish soaps, liquid wax or oil. It is recommended that paper, fabric, felt, or other material be used in the mold also due to the fact that Sculpt or Coat remains flexible and a thin mask of just Sculpt or Coat may collapse. Sculpt or Coat works well thinned and mixed with plaster, papier mache or other materials and put in a mold prepared with a release agent.

23. "Can I dry clean pieces?" You can, but it is not recommended. The Sculpt or Coat gets soft, and then hardens again once dry. It is up to the individual.

24. "How do I clean pieces?" Wipe clean with a damp cloth.

25. "How do I get a matte finish?" A variety of ways: The best is to overpaint with Plastic Varnish Flat. You might also mix with dirty water, paint over it, spray with a dulling liquid, scrape or sand it when dry.

26. "Do I need a prime coat down first?" No. Sculpt or Coat makes a wonderful tough prime coat that dries clear or mix in colorants and do your prime coat, tough coat and base coat all in one easy step.

27. "How do I get a smooth finish?" Apply with a trowel, knife, anything with a smooth edge. Spraying with a plant mister also helps keep the surface smooth. Wet hands and smooth surface. Use latex gloves over your hands and keep the glove wet when working with the product, use a swirling motion, making small circles. Sand with a fine grain paper.

 


Sculpt or Coat

Artist's Choice

Plastic Varnish

Tough N' White

Artist's Choice Saturated Paints

1. What kind of paint is this?

2. Can I use it right out of the can?

3. Can I thin it?

4. How far can I extend it?

5. Can I mix it?

6. What kind of finish does it have?

7. Can I Spray it?

8. How long does it take to dry?

9. Can I use it outside?

10. What's special about your metallics?

11. Can I use this in place of annaline dyes or universal tints?

12. What surfaces does Artist's Choice adhere to?

Artist's Choice Answers

1. "What Kind of paint is this?" Water based color pigment saturated paints in a new type of polymer resin.

2. "Can I use it right out of the can?" Yes. Straight out of the can Artist's Choice Paints perform a lot like acrylics. They appear to be thinner, not paste like, don't let it fool you there are more solids (pigments) in Artist's Choice Saturated paints than any other brand on the market.

3. "Can I thin it?" Yes! It was designed to be extended with water. Good opaque colors result at even a 1 part paint to 4 parts water mix. Beautiful transparent water-color techniques are achieved by mixing 1 part paint to 10-15 parts water.

4. "How far can I extend it?" One gallon can be extended up to fifteen times depending on desired effects. Use common sense here. If you take one part paint and 20 parts of water, the color will be darker on fabric and porous surfaces whereas this will not work the best on a plastic surface. You may need to add a binder like Plastic Varnish if you want to extend far and paint on a slick non-porous surface.

5. "Can I mix it?" Yes. Artist's Choice paints mix well with each other and with other water based paints. The vehicle (polymer resin) makes blending the easiest thing you've ever tried! If you pour a small stream of paint into water the color will actually chase itself and blend equally into the water. In contrast, if you pour acrylic or casein scenic paints the color will be a glob that falls to the bottom of the pail; these type of paints need vigorous stirring in order to mix them.

6. "What kind of finish does it have?" Dries to a flat matte finish.

7. "Can I spray it?" Yes. It works very well in all types of sprayers-from airbrushes to commercial rigs. It goes through smooth and won't clog nozzles. Because of the liquid nature it is an excellent choice for spray applications.

8. "How long does it take to dry?" In normal conditions it dries in less than an hour to a flat matte finish. To speed drying time, use a box or shop fan. High humidity and low temperatures increase drying time.

9. "Can I use it outside?" Yes. However, we recommend sealing exterior pieces with a clear coat like Plastic Varnish Flat or Gloss. For signs and other outdoor murals or other pieces that are to be outdoors for extended periods [years], we recommend using a UV inhibiting sealer with these two colors. Never mix UV inhibitor additive in ours or anyone elses paints because you may get streaked results if not mixed properly.

10. "What's special about your metallics?" Mica platelets in the paint give it a metallic sheen. Our gold is a true rich gold made from the very best color. (Not a bronze color like other brands advertise as gold which is created from cheaper colors.) Our silver is the very best with a lot of luster. Our copper is a bright shiny color such as a new penny or new copper tubing. All three metallics are concentrated and were chosen because you can mix virtually any color range of metallic with them bronze, light gold, red gold, green gold, copper, silver, steel, cast iron by adding colors from the Artist's Choice Palette. For greatest brilliance try to brush colors in one direction, this action lays the platelets out best. These metallics do not rust over time like some bronzing powder golds and aluminums.

11. "Can I use Artist's Choice in place of aniline dyes or universal tints?" Yes

12. "What surfaces does Artist's Choice Adhere to?" Most scenic surfaces including, fabrics, wood, masonry, scrim, ceramics, drywall, papers, Rear projection screens, Textaline, Alkyds, Allylics, Amino Resins =Urea & Melamine, Alloys, Epoxy, Phenolics, Polyester, Silicone, Urethane, ABS Plastics, Acetal Resins, Acrylics, Cellulosics, Fluorocarbons, Polyamides, Polycarbonates, Polyethylene, Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Vinyls, Isocyanates, etc.


Sculpt or Coat

Artist's Choice

Plastic Varnish

Tough N' White

Sculptural Arts Coating's Plastic Varnish

1. What is the Coverage?

2. Can it be thinned?

3. Can I color it?

4. Is it available in a Flat or Gloss finish?

5. How do I make a satin or semi-gloss finish?

6. How do I use it to seal and clearcoat floors?

7. Can I use it on my wood floors at home?

8. Is this just thinned Sculpt or Coat?

9. What is the drying time?

10. Can children use it?

11. Is this a fire retardant? It says its non-flammable.

12. Can I put this over oil paints & enamels?

Sculptural Arts Coating's Plastic Varnish answers

1. "What is the coverage?" Coverage is approximately 350 square feet depending on the porosity of the surface. One gallon may be extended 2 or 3 to one, for a coverage of 1000 feet, on a non-porous surface.

2. "Can it be thinned?" Yes. It is designed to be thinned with water for extended coverage. See Directions.

3. "Can I color it?" Yes. All water based paints, bronzing powders, dyes, etc. are compatible. Plastic Varnish is good for extending, mixing and binding both wet and dry pigments.

4. "Is it available in both a Flat or Gloss finish?" Yes. Both.

5. "How do I make a semi-gloss finish?" Mix Plastic Varnish Gloss and Flat together.

6. "How do I use it to seal and clearcoat floors?" Designed to be mixed with water to extend coverage. Use 2 or 3 parts water for smooth surfaces. Use 1 part water for granular/textured surfaces. If not thinned before application on floors, items may stick to surface.

7. "Can I use it on my wood floors at home?" It is not recommended because it doesn't have a hard wax finish.

8. "Is this just thinned Sculpt or Coat?" No. It is a completely different product. It was designed for the theatre to provide a non-slip surface on floors and to be used in scenic painting techniques.

9. "What is the drying time?" Light use after 2 hours. NON-TRACK (hardest finish) available after 3-4 days. Thicker applications, lower temperatures and high humidity will extend drying time. Use a fan to speed drying times. DO NOT STICK ADHESIVE TAPES UNTIL SURFACES ARE TOTALLY DRY.

10. "Can Children use it?" Yes. Sculptural Arts Coating's Plastic Varnish is non-toxic. For liability reasons it is recommended that children use it under adult supervision.

11. "Is this a fire retardant?" It says its non-flammable" No. Plastic Varnish is not advertised or sold as a fire retardant. Plastic Varnish in non-flammable in its wet state on its own, but used over some foams or mixed with certain textures, Plastic Varnish may be able to sustain a flame. Purchasers should follow federal, state and local fire retardant guidelines as needed.

12. "Can I put this over oil paints or enamels?" Yes and no. We recommend doing a test for your particular application. Plastic Varnish is water based and may peel away from oil, enamel, waxed, shellaced, lacquered or greasy surfaces. And then again if the oil bottom layer is dry, the Plastic Varnish may adhere very well. Some scene painting techniques require the separation of water based and oil based mediums and Plastic Varnish works well in these instances.

 


Sculpt or Coat

Artist's Choice

Plastic Varnish

Tough N' White

Tough N' White Primer & Metal Primer

1. What kind of primer is this?

2. Can I use it straight out of the can?

3. What Kind of Coverage will I get?

4. Can I thin it?

5. What kind of finish does it have?

6. Can I color it?

7. Can I spray it?

8. How long does it take to dry?

9. Can I use it outside?

10. What kinds of materials do they prime?

11. How is Tough N' White Primer different from the Tough N' White Metal Primer?

Tough N' White Answers

1. "What Kind of primer is this?" Water based non-toxic, concentrated with high solids, this means that it will hide better than most lumber store brands, also it will not crack as easily as other scenic brands with more vehicle.

2. "Can I use it straight out of the can?" Yes. Straight out of the can will provide the best surface coat.

3. "What kind of coverage will I get?" Up to 400 square feet depending on the porosity of the surface.

4. "Can I thin it?" This is not recommended, however it is possible to add a half-pint of water to the Tough N' White Primer. The best priming coat will be achieved when you do not dilute the product. For the fastest results use one good coat. It is best not to add water to the Tough N' White Metal Primer because you might inadvertently cause some flash rusting.

5. "What Kind of finish does it have?" This is one of the strong features of Tough N' White Primer. The finish is a dead flat. The other scenic brands have a sheen or reflective surface.

6. "Can I color it?" Definitely! We recommend Artist's Choice Saturated paints. It can be colored with any water based brand. Be careful not to dilute the primer with a paint that has too much water in it or you may lose some of your ability to hide the surface.

7. "Can I spray it?" Yes! Tough N' White works well through a hudson or airless sprayer. Consult your owner's manual for specific instructions about your particular spray equipment for best results.

8. "How long does it take to dry?" In normal conditions it dries in about a half hour to a flat matte finish. To speed up drying use a box or shop fan. High humidity and low temperatures increase drying time.

9. "Can I use it outside?" Yes. Tough N' White Primer and Tough N' White Metal Primer are interior/exterior products.

10. "What kinds of materials do they prime?" All types including fabrics, woods, foams, ceramics, brick, drywall, papers, vinyls, plastics, metals, all known surfaces.... See Tough N White Directions or Tough N' White Metal Primer Directions.

11. "How is Tough N' White Primer different from the Tough N' White Metal Primer?" Tough N' White Primer is made from a blend of polymers which makes it more flexible than our metal primer, so you would choose it when you are doing most of your typical scenic jobs. It out performs other scenic brands due to the high solids content. When you want the surface to flex or fold use the Tough N' White Primer.

Tough N' White Metal Primer has a rust inhibitor in it and is specifically designed for metal coverage. This means that you would chose the metal primer to stop rust, or keep a surface from developing rust. Tough N' White Metal Primer produces a harder more rigid coating. You would chose Tough N' White Metal Primer if you wanted more abrasion resistance, or strong adhesion to slick surfaces like glass, many plastics, and metals.

Sculpt or Coat

Artist's Choice

Plastic Varnish

Tough N' White

If these questions did not cover your issue, you may E-mail us at techadvice@sculpturalarts.com. You can expect a response within 48 hours.


© Sculptural Arts Coating, Inc.
P.O. Box 10546 Greensboro, NC 27404
800-743-0379 * www.sculpturalarts.com